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Q2. Discuss the Objective & Principles Behind Software Testing.


Answer:
Testing Objectives
Glen Myers states a number of rules that can serve well as testing objectives:
1. Testing is a process of executing a program with the intent of finding an error.
2. A good test case is one that has a high probability of finding an as return discovered error.
3. A successful test is one that uncovers an as-yet-undiscovered error.


Testing Principles
Davis suggests a set of testing principles that have been adapted:
  • All tests should be traceable to customer requirements: As we have seen, the objective of software testing is to uncover errors. It follows that the most severe defects (from the customer’s point of view) are those that cause the program to fail to meet its requirements.

  • Tests should be planned long before testing begins: Test planning can begin as soon as the requirements model is complete. Detailed definition of test cases can begin as soon as the design model has been solidified. Therefore, all tests can be planned and designed before any code has been generated.

  • The Pareto principle applies to software testing: Stated simply, the Pareto principle implies that 80 percent of all errors uncovered during testing will most likely be traceable to 20 percent of all program components. The problem, of course, is to isolate these suspect components and to thoroughly test them.

  • Testing should begin “in the small” and progress toward testing “in the large”: The first tests planned and executed generally focus on individual components. As testing progresses, focus shifts in an attempt to find errors in integrated clusters of components and ultimately in the entire system.

  • Exhaustive testing is not possible: The number of path permutations for even a moderately sized program is exceptionally large. For this reason, it is impossible to execute every combination of paths during testing. It is possible, however, to adequately cover program logic and to ensure that all conditions in the component-level design have been exercised.

  • To be most effective, testing should be conducted by an independent third party- By most effective, we mean testing that has the highest probability of finding errors (the primary objective of testing).

  • For reasons that have been introduced earlier in this unit, the software engineer who created the system is not the best person to conduct all tests for the software.

1 comment:

  1. There are many principles that guide Software Testing Principle. Before applying methods to design effective test cases, a software engineer must understand the basic principles that guide software testing. The following are the main principles for testing

    ReplyDelete

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