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Answer of Q List the differences between extensive reading and intensive reading?


Answer: Reading is essentially a process of decoding messages, with a view to understanding a written text. It has various purposes, such as reading for personal interest, pleasure or for gaining information. A single text is not written for any one purpose, but could meet any purpose, depending on individual needs.

Reading in the real sense is an active, rather than a passive process. Active reading means reading to grasp the meaning. It is a skill which has to be developed and practiced.

Based on the purpose for which we are reading, there are five different types of reading –
1. Skimming – Quickly glancing over a text to get a general idea of the content
2. Scanning – Careful reading to find out specific details
3. Extensive reading – Rapid reading to get an overall understanding of the matter
4. Intensive reading – Reading slowly with concentration to get specific details
5. Silent or loud reading – This depends on whether we are reading to ourselves or reading to others

Extensive Reading:
Our way of reading is influenced by the purpose of our reading. Most of us have the habit of reading especially when we are free, or have a lot of leisure time. We might get hold of a novel, a comic strip, or a magazine. When we read for the pure pleasure of reading, it is known as “extensive” reading. However, it should not be given less priority, because it is extensive reading. It is enjoyable, as well as informative. Here, we practice rapid reading to get a global/overall understanding of the matter.

Intensive Reading:
When we read shorter texts like a research paper for getting specific details or information, we read slowly with a lot of concentration. This is known as intensive reading. When you read a book as a resource material for research, you read it intensively because the overall understanding is not the objective or purpose of our reading. When you read an article in order to write a review on it, you read it intensively. We use all the skills of reading when we do intensive reading.

To sum up, Palmer (1964) also concludes that both types of the reading are important because the main goal of reading is to comprehend the printed pages.
Classroom Reading Techniques and tasks
·             Activate prior knowledge
·             Discuss about the topic to trigger the interest and motivation
·             Relate personal experience to the text
·             Familiarize yourself with the vocabulary relevant with the topic
·             Use pictures/ illustrations to help arouse and flourish imagination
·             Set questions relating to increase curiosity and willingness to read.
·             Scanning for particular or specific ideas/ answers to particular questions
·             Skimming for general ideas and central ideas
·             Gather information: who, what, when, where, which, why, how?
·             Predict and guess: what do you think will happen next?
·             Suppose: If you were him/her, would you …? What would you do?
·             Guess the title
·             Word study: Synonym, Antonym, Prefix, Suffix, categorizing, class
·             Reading report
·             Summary
·             Match ideas with sentences …T/F
·             Fill in the Blank
·             Chart…..

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