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SMU MBA solved assignments Spring 2014 MB0043 Q1.Explain the objectives and methods of Training.

AnswerThe objectives of Training:
Improving employee performance: When an employee is recruited byan organisation, he might not have all the skills required to carry out his job. Training at this stage helps him learn his job faster and ensures better performance.
Updating employee skills: It is important for the management to
continuously evaluate and adopt any technological advances that can help the organisation function more effectively and efficiently.
Avoiding managerial obsolescence: Managerial obsolescence is the failure to adopt new methods and processes that can improve employee and organisational performance. Rapid changes in technical, legal and social environments have an impact on the way managers perform their jobs.
Preparing for promotion and managerial succession: Training helps an employee acquire the skills required to assume greater responsibilities.
Retaining and motivating employees: One way to motivate and retain employees is through a systematic programme of career planning and development. Employees feel cared.
Creating an efficient and effective organisation: A manager who has well trained and well equipped employees needs to spend less time supervising them.

The methods of Training:
On-the-job training
It’s a real job environment where the trainee is exposed to actual work situations. The major advantage of this method is that the trainee gets hands-on experience of the job that has to be performed. The different types of on-the-job training are:
·         Job instruction training: In this method trainees can discuss the problems in performing the job immediately with the trainer.

·         Apprenticeship and coaching: Individuals seeking to enter skilled trades, like those of carpenters, electricians etc, are required to go through formal apprenticeship under experienced employees, before they join their regular job.

·         Job rotation: In this method the trainee is placed on various jobs across different functions in the organisation. The trainee gains cross-functional knowledge and is equipped to take up different jobs.

·         Committee assignments: In this method, a group of employees are assigned an actual organisational problem and are asked to find a solution. The trainees develop their team-management skills, interpersonal skills, communication skills, problem-solving skills and leadership skills while solving the problem as a group.


Off the job training
Off the job training refers to training imparted away from the employee’s immediate work area.
When training is performed on the job, any mistake by the trainee might result in damage to the organisation. Hence, off the job training can be conducted to minimise this damage. 

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