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free solved assignment answer of Q. What is human resources management? Discuss the scope & functions of HRM.

Answer: Human Resource Management is the term used to describe formal systems devised for the management of people within an organization. The responsibilities of a human resource manager fall into three major areas: staffing, employee compensation and
benefits, and defining/designing work .

Scope of Human Resource Management
HRM in personnel management – This is typically direct manpower management that involves manpower planning, hiring (recruitment and selection), training and development, induction and orientation, transfer, promotion, compensation, layoff and retrenchment, and employee productivity. 

HRM in employee welfare – This particular aspect of HRM deals with working conditions and amenities at the workplace. This includes a wide array of responsibilities and services such as safety services, health services, welfare funds, social security and medical services.

HRM in industrial relations – Since employment relationship is a highly sensitive area, it needs careful interactions with labour or employee unions, address their grievances and effectively settle the disputes in order to maintain peace and harmony in the organisation.    

Functions of HRM:

HRM functions can be broadly classified into the following two categories:
1. Managerial functions of HR department
The managerial functions of HR department include the following:
  • ·         Planning – Future course of action; it also includes identifying human resource requirements and forecasting personnel needs.
  • ·         Organising – Division of labour; assignment of responsibility is part of the organization’s functions.
  • ·         Staffing – It is the process of obtaining and maintaining capable and competent personnel in various positions at all levels, i.e., manpower planning, recruitment, selection, placement and induction.
  • ·         Directing – It is the process of directing all the available resources towards the common organizational goals.
  • ·         Controlling – It is the measurement and rectification of activities to ensure that the events conform to plans.


2. Operative functions of HR department

  • ·         Employment – This involves procuring and employing individuals with suitable knowledge, skills, experience and aptitude necessary to perform various jobs.
  • ·         HR development – HR development concentrates on developing the workforce so that both the employees and the organization in turn can achieve their goals.
  • ·         Compensation – Compensation includes all the rewards that an employee receives during the course of his or her job–for his or her contributions to the organization.
  • Employee relations – Employee relations deals with the employees, in the organizational context, as a social group that contributes to the organization.  

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